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1 seventy six. • Werner, p. 1 36. • Chadwick, p. 481. • Sea Dyaks, Chadwick, p. 486 ; Egypt, Muller, p. 1 seventy six ; Africa, Werner, pp. 1 36 ff. , and so on. 7 Cf. Stith Thompson, vol. iii, pp. 8-9. • vi, 6, four, 2. • Cf. Coomaraswamy, Svayamatrnna, passim. 10 Polyremus, Stratagematon, vii, 22. eleven Cf. cook dinner, Zeus, vol. ii, pp. 2, 1 24 ff. THE SKY AND SKY GODS a hundred and five silver (the moon) and the 7th gold (the sun). The 8th rung, Celsus tells us, represents the sector of the mounted stars. through mountain climbing this ceremonial ladder, the begin was once in truth dealing with the " seven heavens " and therefore reaching the empyrean. Even to-day one of the Uralo-Altaic peoples the shamans perform the exact same ritual of their trip to heaven, and of their initiation ceremonies. The " ascension " is completed both in the framework of a standard sacrifice while the shaman is going with the providing (the soul of the sacrificed horse) to Bai Ulgen, the very best God-or at the celebration of the magic medication of invalids who seek advice them. The sacrifice of a horse, that is the executive spiritual rite of the Turco-Tatar races, happens yearly and lasts to 3 nights. the 1st night a brand new yurt is determined up containing a birch tree whose branches were got rid of with 9 steps minimize into it (tapty). A white horse is selected for the sacrifices ; a fireplace is lit within the tent, the shamlln passes his drum during the smoke, whereas calling at the spirits one after one other, and then he is going out, and straddling the physique of a goose made up of rag and full of straw, he waves his palms as though flying, and sings : Above the white heavens, past the white clouds, Above the blue heavens, past the blue clouds, Fly as much as heaven, poultry ! the purpose of this ceremony is to grab carry of the soul of the sacrificed horse (pura), that's imagined to have fled because the shaman approached. Having seized the soul and taken it again, the shaman units the " goose " unfastened and sacrifices in simple terms the pony. the second one a part of the rite happens the next night, while the shaman takes the soul of the pony to Bai Ulgen. Having handed his drum in the course of the smoke and wear his ritual vestments, having invoked Merkyut, chicken of the sky, to " come making a song " and " take a seat on his correct shoulder ", the shaman starts his ascent. calmly hiking up the notches of the ceremonial tree, the shaman is going one after the other via the entire 9 heavens, and describes to his viewers in nice element all that he sees and all that's occurring in each one. on the 106 PATIERNS IN COMPARATIVE faith 6th heaven he venerates the moon, within the 7th the sunlight. ultimately, within the 9th, he's prostrate sooner than Bai Ulgen, and gives him the soul of the sacrificed horse. This episode is the climax of the shaman's ecstatic ascem:ion. He unearths out even if the sacrifice is authorized through Bai Ulgen and is given predictions in regards to the climate ; the shaman theri falls to the floor and after a moment's silence wakes up as though from a deep sleep. 1 The notches o r steps made i n the birch characterize the spheres of the planets.