By Patrick Wilcken
The definitive account of the lifestyles, paintings, and legacy of Claude Lévi-Strauss, father of contemporary anthropology and one of many postwar era's such a lot influential thinkers.
while Claude Lévi-Strauss gave up the ghost final October at age a hundred, France celebrated the existence and contributions of not just a preeminent anthropologist, but additionally one of many defining intellectuals of the 20 th century. simply as Freud had shaken up the antiquarian self-discipline of psychiatry, so had Lévi-Strauss revolutionized anthropology, remodeling it from the colonial period research of "exotic" tribes to 1 ate up with primary questions about the character of humanity and civilization itself.
Remarkably, there hasn't ever been a biography in English of the enigmatic Claude Lévi-Strauss. Drawing on a welter of unique study and interviews with the anthropologist, Patrick Wilcken's Claude Lévi-Strauss fills this void. In wealthy element, Wilcken re-creates Lévi-Strauss's peripatetic lifestyles: his groundbreaking fieldwork in many of the remotest reaches of the Amazon within the Nineteen Thirties; his years as a Jew in Nazi- occupied France and as an émigré in wartime ny; and his go back to Paris within the overdue Nineteen Forties, the place he clashed with Jean-Paul Sartre and essentially inspired fellow postwar thinkers from Jacques Lacan to Michel Foucault and Roland Barthes. It used to be in France that structuralism, the college of proposal he based, first took carry, developing waves a ways past the sphere of anthropology. In his heyday, Lévi-Strauss was once either a hero to modern intellectuals and a world celebrity.
In Claude Lévi-Strauss, Wilcken offers the reader a desirable highbrow travel of the anthropologist's landmark works: Tristes Tropiques, a literary meditation on his travels and fieldwork; The Savage Mind, which confirmed that "primitive" individuals are pushed through an identical highbrow curiosities as their Western opposite numbers; and at last his huge four-volume Mythologiques, a research of the common constructions of local mythology within the Americas. within the years that Lévi-Strauss released those pioneering works, Wilcken observes, tribal societies appeared to carry the solutions to the main profound questions on the human brain. Following the nice anthropologist from São Paulo to the Brazilian inside, and from manhattan to Paris, Patrick Wilcken's Claude Lévi- Strauss is either an evocative trip and an highbrow biography of 1 of the twentieth-century's so much influential minds.
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Additional info for Claude Lévi-Strauss: The Poet in the Laboratory
To the west of the Tapirapé, William Lipkind was once at the Araguaia River operating with the Karaja Indians—the related crew that Lévi-Strauss had chanced upon on his street journey via Brazil the former 12 months. In Cuiabá, Castro Faria, Quain and Lévi-Strauss stayed on the related inn, the Lebanese-run Esplanada. Quain and Lévi-Strauss, as overseas anthropologists out within the sticks, struck up a quick yet hot friendship. As they acquired to understand one another, Quain unburdened himself to Lévi-Strauss, explaining that when he had left Rio he had all started to improve anxious indicators and was once confident he had shrunk syphilis. Lévi-Strauss prompt him to come to Rio and search professional support, yet after an extended remain in Cuiabá, Quain trigger for his fieldwork website within the higher Xingu. whereas anticipating the coming of Vellard from Asunción, Lévi-Strauss and Castro Faria stuffed their days attempting to assemble up to date details at the indigenous teams alongside the telegraph line. round 100 line staff nonetheless manned the substations, working sections of the road that also functioned—a motley group of semi-Westernized Paresi Indians, impoverished Brazilians, in addition to a handful of eccentric Europeans. that they had intermittent touch with the Nambikwara, speaking with them utilizing a forty-word half-Portuguese, half-Nambikwara pidgin. Lévi-Strauss despatched telegrams to the functioning substations with a sequence of straightforward questions: “Are there Indians within the area? Are they pleasant or do they mount assaults? Do they create items to promote? Do they ask for presents? Do they appear frequently? Do they communicate Portuguese? Do they costume like civilized humans? Do they invite civilized humans to their villages? ”11 After a long hold up, replies begun trickling in. A shadowy staff, the Beiços de Pau (literally “wooden mouths,” after the plugs they wore of their reduce lips), had lately attacked one of many stations. They have been inspiration to reside a long way from the road, spoke no Portuguese, and it was once doubtful what their local language used to be. one other station mentioned that the neighborhood Nambikwara frequently reduce in the course of the wires at the line “to convey that they're enemies” and every now and then threatened violence. Indigenous teams close to Vilhena appeared friendlier, yet have been at risk of infighting. A line employee who occurred to be in Cuiabá on the time proven the studies, yet different strains of inquiry have been much less profitable. Castro Faria went to the SPI workplaces, yet was once instructed that the govt posts had closed down and they had misplaced touch with operatives within the sector. 12 Buell Quain had lit out into the Amazon on my own. Lévi-Strauss might trigger along with his spouse, Castro Faria, Jean Vellard and a group of twenty males, fifteen mules, thirty oxen, a couple of horses, hundreds gear and a truck. during the month they spent in Cuiabá getting ready for the excursion, they'd scoured the zone for compatible recruits, with Lévi-Strauss’s finishing up deciding to buy each mule on the market inside of a fifteen-kilometer radius of town. the lads, terrible locals of conservative Portuguese inventory, have been promised a rifle and a small day-by-day allowance.